Robinson Surname

532nd
Most Common
surname in the World

Approximately 1,018,427 people bear this surname

Most prevalent in:
United States
Highest density in:
Turks and Caicos Islands

Robinson Surname Definition:

This surname is derived from the name of an ancestor. 'the son of Robert,' from nick. Rob, and diminutive Rob-in; compare Col-in from Nicholas. The number of entries in the London Directory is sufficient proof of the early popularity of Robin.

Read More About This Surname

Robinson Surname Distribution Map

PlaceIncidenceFrequencyRank in Area
United States632,9861:57327
England161,3451:34510
Australia48,7351:55429
Canada47,1711:78130
Jamaica22,9001:12512
Nigeria12,8561:13,7791,389
Madagascar11,6411:2,032413
South Africa9,5941:5,647711
Northern Ireland6,9311:26615
New Zealand6,1981:73117
Sierra Leone5,8381:1,214227
Scotland4,8991:1,093178
Wales4,7121:65755
Ireland3,4181:1,378279
Panama3,0711:1,274216
Thailand2,0081:35,1783,673
Dominican Republic1,9571:5,331552
India1,8971:404,35721,366
Trinidad and Tobago1,3831:986141
Ecuador1,3481:11,8001,891
Tanzania1,1481:46,1165,207
Indonesia1,1311:116,93111,839
Saudi Arabia1,0731:28,7574,075
Spain1,0621:44,0234,190
France9971:66,6239,190
Bahamas9761:40190
Mexico9151:135,6574,389
Colombia9071:52,6732,621
Germany8131:99,02312,296
Papua New Guinea7831:10,413893
Guyana7361:1,036154
Brazil6751:317,14612,221
Zimbabwe6371:24,2363,664
Fiji6281:1,424193
Israel5981:14,3102,164
Turks and Caicos Islands5931:589
Barbados5651:509139
Belize5561:639130
Kenya5421:85,2037,776
Chile5151:34,2071,779
Malaysia4801:61,4464,605
Philippines4781:211,79533,070
Bermuda4501:14511
Liberia4371:10,0881,117
Costa Rica4341:11,014528
Netherlands3911:43,1907,341
Bahrain3671:3,675626
Argentina3531:121,08610,244
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines3421:32965
Nicaragua3321:18,136939
Japan3171:403,29412,942
Vanuatu3151:836191
Venezuela3091:97,7483,633
Switzerland3011:27,2854,186
Cayman Islands2951:21730
Dominica2741:27771
Saint Lucia2621:682117
Portugal2551:40,8562,413
Cuba2511:45,9071,942
Pakistan2381:750,60510,974
Sweden2311:42,6273,382
Jersey2151:46124
Denmark2141:26,3772,703
Morocco2041:169,00029,345
Belgium2011:57,1979,269
Russia1941:742,90262,269
Uruguay1871:18,3522,081
Peru1851:171,8068,546
Antigua and Barbuda1731:57395
Norway1591:32,3414,518
United States Virgin Islands1591:69491
Isle of Man1431:60071
Guernsey1251:51668
China1191:11,490,089696
Greece1191:93,10715,707
Oman1031:35,8062,446
British Virgin Islands921:34371
Cyprus891:9,9421,157
Italy781:784,06062,950
Suriname771:7,1771,738
United Arab Emirates761:120,55610,223
Hong Kong721:101,8821,901
Guam701:2,287297
Czechia681:156,37524,047
Grenada681:1,596282
Haiti631:169,5866,914
Honduras631:139,9441,926
Iraq581:603,8229,381
Kuwait581:65,5297,566
Mauritius461:28,1185,531
Uganda461:848,68039,357
Botswana441:49,7039,263
French Polynesia431:6,5301,442
Saint Kitts and Nevis431:1,284236
Ghana411:659,04111,448
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha381:15435
Solomon Islands371:15,6762,975
Poland361:1,055,79973,637
Cameroon321:649,03348,340
South Korea311:1,652,911408
Malta301:14,342837
Seychelles291:3,186566
Sri Lanka281:743,1639,128
Afghanistan271:1,190,85910,584
Finland271:203,58217,121
Singapore261:211,83510,313
Qatar221:107,18211,536
Vietnam221:4,211,1842,363
Namibia211:114,7339,093
Luxembourg201:29,0275,175
Gibraltar191:1,787420
Latvia171:120,59117,235
Puerto Rico171:208,8322,248
Estonia151:88,12015,474
Taiwan151:1,562,98310,375
Kazakhstan141:1,263,03568,752
Norfolk Island141:16417
Sudan141:2,679,3005,780
Anguilla131:1,034101
Belarus131:730,85159,297
Austria121:709,62061,025
Hungary121:818,02342,199
Egypt101:9,193,57548,135
Marshall Islands101:5,182920
Zambia101:1,584,99231,679
Aruba91:11,4971,511
Monaco91:4,118434
Ukraine91:5,059,094266,777
Uzbekistan91:3,436,39432,268
Cambodia81:1,935,8937,100
Cook Islands81:2,272577
Ethiopia81:12,193,28319,139
Lebanon81:704,63514,756
Turkey81:9,727,678134,647
Bulgaria71:996,98634,534
Transnistria71:67,8149,165
Bangladesh61:26,559,46217,284
Benin61:1,722,60061,769
Rwanda61:1,894,1633,603
Slovenia61:414,61218,975
Bolivia51:2,123,2876,830
Malawi51:3,423,82224,042
Montserrat51:989156
Paraguay51:1,447,34911,454
Senegal51:2,915,8685,479
Chad41:3,398,0507,703
Croatia41:1,057,15157,892
Curaçao41:39,312638
Gambia41:480,863548
Iran41:19,195,631219,601
Jordan41:2,210,60920,372
Macau41:150,408604
New Caledonia41:69,0566,678
Samoa41:48,452659
Slovakia41:1,334,11294,300
Tajikistan41:2,096,6387,416
Armenia31:976,72713,552
Azerbaijan31:3,216,37432,290
Guatemala31:5,360,8898,925
Kyrgyzstan31:1,990,88579,765
Lithuania31:1,011,52932,308
Togo31:2,415,92311,978
Albania21:1,457,02824,967
Brunei21:209,3663,098
El Salvador21:3,171,9446,376
Georgia21:1,872,77235,618
Ivory Coast21:11,535,61661,806
North Macedonia21:1,050,73626,362
Mongolia21:1,412,64416,950
Mozambique21:13,630,7847,358
Nepal21:14,240,47817,812
Romania21:10,038,93580,612
Algeria11:38,631,551130,422
American Samoa11:55,7583,072
Andorra11:83,8382,381
Angola11:26,989,21411,853
Burkina Faso11:18,352,10030,051
Cape Verde11:529,6426,792
Congo11:4,989,09634,171
Djibouti11:914,9321,612
DR Congo11:73,879,570260,543
Equatorial Guinea11:1,135,674984
Falkland Islands11:3,132317
Gabon11:1,889,1946,814
Iceland11:380,09011,096
Laos11:6,588,3231,961
Lesotho11:2,032,55823,402
Libya11:6,243,9746,186
Maldives11:404,1727,269
Mauritania11:4,094,86338,869
Micronesia11:106,2431,380
Moldova11:3,561,36878,271
Montenegro11:639,5659,092
Niger11:19,192,017110,060
Palau11:21,643223
Palestine11:4,548,84918,388
Serbia11:7,144,94838,459
Swaziland11:1,298,1991,718
Syria11:19,301,02222,457
Tonga11:107,313791
Tunisia11:610,62630,336
Yemen11:26,425,29455,147
PlaceIncidenceFrequencyRank in Area
Ireland8,4941:52268
PlaceIncidenceFrequencyRank in Area
England93,2811:2618
Scotland1,3441:2,785482
Wales8761:1,790124
Jersey651:798125
Isle of Man651:835133
Guernsey431:759127
PlaceIncidenceFrequencyRank in Area
United States103,7311:48430

The alternate forms: Róbinson (2), Robínson (1) & Robinsón (1) are calculated separately.

Robinson (173,628) may also be a first name.

Robinson Surname Meaning

From Where Does The Surname Originate? meaning and history

This surname is derived from the name of an ancestor. 'the son of Robert,' from nick. Rob, and diminutive Rob-in; compare Col-in from Nicholas. The number of entries in the London Directory is sufficient proof of the early popularity of Robin. Birds, flowers, and weeds soon took possession of the name, the ruddock giving way to robin-redbreast so completely as to cause the earlier name to be forgotten.

'Now am I Robert, now Robin.'

Chaucer, R. R. 6337.

Dera Robins, Cambridgeshire, 1273. Hundred Rolls.

John Robin, Oxfordshire, ibid.

Robin le Gentyle, Close Rolls, 4 Edward I.

Robin le Herberyer. Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum in Turri Londinesi.

William Robyn, Somerset, 1 Edward III: Kirby's Quest.

Roger Robynsoun, 1379: Poll Tax of Yorkshire.

Roger Robyn-man (the servant of Robin), 1379: ibid.

Adam Robyn-man (the servant of Robin), 1370: ibid.

1606. Baptised — William, s. Arthur Robinsonne: St. Peter, Cornhill.

A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames (1896) by Charles Wareing Endell Bardsley

The "son of Robert" from Robin, a diminutive form of the name. The tenement of John Robynson in Irvine is mentioned in 1426 (Irvine I, p. 130), and another John Robynsone was bailie of Glasgow in 1477 (REG., p. 458). Andrew Robersoun witnessed the sale of a tenement in Arbroath in 1450 (RAA., II, 91). The name was common in Glasgow in the sixteenth century (Protocols). That Robin was early considered a diminutive of Robert is shown by an entry in 1483 (LCD., p. 195) where the same individual is referred to as Robyne of Hall and Robert of Hall.

The Surnames of Scotland (1946) by George Fraser Black (1866-1948)

Robin’s Son, v. Robin.

Surnames of the United Kingdom (1912) by Henry Harrison

This English name has become very numerous in Ireland, especially in Ulster. MIF 282*

A Guide to Irish Names (1964) by Edward MacLysaght

“Son of Little Robert”.

South African Surnames (1965) by Eric Rosenthal

(English, Scottish) The son of little Rob, a pet form of Robert (fame, bright).

Dictionary of American Family Names (1956) by Elsdon Coles Smith

The son of Robin, or Robert.

Patronymica Britannica (1860) by Mark Antony Lower

(English), Robin's son. Sir John Beverley Robinson, Bart., Chief Justice of Canada West, is son of Christopher Robinson, Esq., an American Loyalist, and an officer of the Queen's Rangers, who d. 1798.

Surnames (1857) by Bernard Homer Dixon

From the Old Norse, Robbi, from Hróbjartr (Robert); from the Flemish, Robyns, Robson, Robisson; a personal name.

British Family Names: Their Origin and Meaning (1903) by Henry Barber

Robinson. —Distributed all over England, except in the south - west, where it is either absent or extremely rare. Its great home is in the northern half of the country, the numbers rapidly diminishing as we approach the south of England. Northamptonshire may be characterised as the most advanced stronghold of the Robinsons on their way to the metropolis. Robson, which is, I suppose, a contraction of this name, is essentially a north of England name, being very numerous in Northumberland and county Durham, and extending in diminished numbers across the border into the shires of Roxburgh and Dumfries.

Homes of Family Names in Great Britain (1890) by Henry Brougham Guppy

Robinson is a patronymic, in other words a name derived from the father’s name. (Though inevitably, as the name was handed down, the original father became a great-grandfather and so on.) This habit of handing down names was particularly prevalent amongst the Vikings. (Even today, Ericson and Anderson feature far more prominently in the Stockholm telephone directory than Smith and Jones in the London counterpart.) For this reason it used to be assumed that all names ending in ‘-son’ were of Viking origin-especially as many of these names originated from the north of England in the area occupied by the Vikings. Research has shown however that names ending in ‘-son’ occurred in English before the Viking invasions, and also originated later in southern areas untouched by the Vikings.

In England, before Henry IV’s reign, a son did not necessarily take on his father’s name (whether by calling himself ‘-son’ or simply by adopting the father’s surname). But from this time on the practice became almost universal. (One of the last recorded instances of this not happening is in the 1431 records, which mention one Robertus de Lynly, filius Thomas Johnson.) In southern Lancashire, to facilitate tenure of land, daughters were occasionally named after their fathers, with the addition of ‘-daughter’ to the original name. These awkward names quickly fell out of use, however.

Robinson (or occasionally Robison) thus derives from ‘son of Robin’. Robin itself is a diminutive of the French name Robert, popular in Normandy and England in medieval times. This French name had in turn originated from the Old German name of Rodbert, derived from ‘hroth’ which means ‘fame’ and ‘berht’ which means ‘bright’. So the name Robert would represent a parental wish for the child’s ‘fame-bright’ future.

After the Norman Conquest, Robert quickly became a popular name in England. It appears frequently in the Domesday Book, and has been amongst the dozen most popular first names in England ever since. The main surprise here is that England has never had a king called Robert. Scotland, on the other hand, has had several. The most famous of these was Robert the Bruce, the scourge of the English at the Battle of Bannockburn. (This may well account for the lack of Kings called Robert in England.) The naming of kings has always been a serious business, with past history and superstition often playing no small part. (No King of England would want to take on the name of his victorious Scottish counterpart.) Despite its simplicity (or perhaps because of the popularity of those who held it) the name Robert soon spawned innumerable derivatives and nicknames. Rob, Nob and Dob were amongst the earliest-and today’s more popular Bob only came on the scene several centuries later. Rab and Rob were evolved in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Robin is a diminutive of the nickname Rob, and quickly became so popular that by the middle of the thirteenth century there were more Robins than there were original Roberts. Though England may never have had a King Robert (or Robin), one of its most popular heroes is Robin Hood.

The earliest Robinson to appear in the records is one John Robynson. He is listed in the Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield for 1324.

Londoner Henry Crabb Robinson (1775—1867) was a famous controversialist of his day, noted for giving lively Sunday morning breakfast parties that attracted literary guests like William Blake, Charles Lamb, Coleridge and the Wordsworths.

The modern garden owes much of its style to British landscape designer William Robinson (1838—1935). A passionate believer in the natural garden, he launched and won a vigorous life­long campaign against the rigidly formal architectural gardens popular in his early career.

Noted Canadian-born US-based illustrator and political cartoonist Boardman Robinson was strongly influenced by French political cartooning in his student days. His own trenchant World War I cartoons brought him world-wide fame. He also illustrated classics like Moby Dick and The Brothers Karamazov, and created the murals in New York’s Rockefeller Center and Washington DC’s Department of Justice.

Wildly inventive illustrator W. Heath Robinson (1872—1944) specialised in drawings of incredibly complex machines which served no useful purpose. Since then any elaborate or over­wrought piece of equipment has become known as a ‘real Heath Robinson’.

There are no related geographic or place names in the United Kingdom. Both Australia and South Africa have towns called Robinson, while there are 2 such towns in the United States and in Canada. The US also has towns called Robin and Robinette, while Canada has a Robinsonville and a Robinvale. Australia has the Robinson range of mountains. The name is geographically fairly common.

With about 194,000 namesakes Robinson is the 14th most popular surname in England and Wales. (The name is not common enough throughout Scotland to be counted separately.) Robinson is notably popular in and around Teesside where an estimated one in about 127 families bears the name. In descending numerical order Bradford, Leeds and Sheffield are other Robinson strongholds. Around the world Robinsons are most common in Sydney (one in 502 families), Auckland (one in 515) and Wellington (one in 542). The United States has more Robinsons than the entire population of Bradford-an estimated total of just under 508,000 makes this their 22nd most popular surname.

— Peter Verstappen

Robinson Last Name Facts

Where Does The Last Name Robinson Come From? nationality or country of origin

The last name Robinson (Arabic: روبنسن, Hindi: रोबिनसन, Marathi: रॉबीनसन, Oriya: ରବିନସନ, Russian: Робинсон) is more frequently found in The United States than any other country or territory. It may also appear in the variant forms: Róbinson, Robínson or Robinsón. For other potential spellings of this last name click here.

How Common Is The Last Name Robinson? popularity and diffusion

This last name is the 532nd most numerous family name on earth, held by around 1 in 7,156 people. It occurs mostly in The Americas, where 71 percent of Robinson reside; 67 percent reside in North America and 66 percent reside in Anglo-North America. It is also the 5,889th most commonly occurring given name throughout the world It is held by 173,628 people.

This last name is most frequently held in The United States, where it is carried by 632,986 people, or 1 in 573. In The United States it is most frequent in: Texas, where 8 percent live, California, where 8 percent live and Florida, where 6 percent live. Apart from The United States Robinson exists in 201 countries. It is also common in England, where 16 percent live and Australia, where 5 percent live.

Robinson Family Population Trend historical fluctuation

The frequency of Robinson has changed through the years. In The United States the number of people carrying the Robinson last name rose 610 percent between 1880 and 2014; in England it rose 173 percent between 1881 and 2014; in Scotland it rose 365 percent between 1881 and 2014; in Wales it rose 538 percent between 1881 and 2014 and in Ireland it decreased 60 percent between 1901 and 2014.

Robinson Last Name Statistics demography

The religious devotion of those carrying the last name is principally Anglican (37%) in Ireland, Buddhist (33%) in Russia, Christian (100%) in Kenya, Evangelical (100%) in Lebanon and Orthodox (71%) in Ukraine.

In The United States those bearing the Robinson surname are 6.55% more likely to be registered Republicans than the national average, with 53.32% being registered to vote for the party.

The amount Robinson earn in different countries varies greatly. In Italy they earn 36.93% less than the national average, earning €18,939 per year; in Norway they earn 31.52% more than the national average, earning 455,173 kr per year; in Peru they earn 127.7% more than the national average, earning S/. 44,140 per year; in South Africa they earn 56.73% more than the national average, earning R 372,456 per year; in Colombia they earn 11.74% less than the national average, earning $20,037,200 COP per year; in United States they earn 8.55% less than the national average, earning $39,460 USD per year and in Canada they earn 3.36% more than the national average, earning $51,354 CAD per year.

Phonetically Similar Names

Robinson Name Transliterations

TransliterationICU LatinPercentage of Incidence
Robinson in the Oriya language
ରବିନସନrabinasana50.00
େରାବିନସନerabinasana33.33
ରବିନସନ୍rabinasan16.67
Robinson in the Marathi language
रॉबीनसनrobinasana30.71
रॉिबनसनroibanasana26.51
रॉिबन्सनroibansana16.01
रॉबीन्सनrobinsana13.65
रॉबीसनrobisana4.72
रोिंबसोनroimbasona1.84
रोबीन्सनrobinsana1.31
रॉबीनासrobinasa0.52
रोबीनसणrobinasana0.26
बीनसनbinasana0.26
रोिबसोनroibasona0.26
रॉबीनसrobinasa0.26
रोबीसनrobisana0.26
रोिबन्सनroibansana0.26
रॉबीनrobina0.26
राँबीन्सनrambinsana0.26
Robinson in the Hindi language
रोबिनसनrobinasana21.28
रौबिन्सनraubinsana21.28
रोबिन्सनrobinsana19.15
रॉबिनसनrobinasana10.64
रोविनसनrovinasana6.38
रौबिनसनraubinasana4.26
राबिन्सनrabinsana4.26
राबिनसनrabinasana2.13
रॉबिन्सनrobinsana2.13
रांंबिन्सनrammbinsana2.13
रोबीन्सनrobinsana2.13
राॅबिन्सनraebinsana2.13
रौविन्सनrauvinsana2.13
Robinson in the Russian language
Робинсонrobinson-
Robinson in the Arabic language
روبنسنrwbnsn-

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Robinson Reference & Research

Robinson FamilyTree DNA Group - A group collating DNA test results for those who bear the surname, includes results of DNA tests and discussions.

Robinson FamilyTree DNA Project - A description of a group researching the paternal lines of men who bear the surname with the help of DNA analysis.

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Footnotes

  • Surnames are taken as the first part of an person's inherited family name, caste, clan name or in some cases patronymic
  • Descriptions may contain details on the name's etymology, origin, ethnicity and history. They are largely reproduced from 3rd party sources; diligence is advised on accepting their validity - more information
  • Name distribution statistics are generated from a global database of over 4 billion people - more information
  • Heatmap: Dark red means there is a higher occurrence of the name, transitioning to light yellow signifies a progressively lower occurrence. Clicking on selected countries will show mapping at a regional level
  • Rank: Name are ranked by incidence using the ordinal ranking method; the name that occurs the most is assigned a rank of 1; name that occur less frequently receive an incremented rank; if two or more name occur the same number of times they are assigned the same rank and successive rank is incremented by the total preceeding names
  • Ethnic group cannot necessarily be determined by geographic occurrence
  • Similar: Names listed in the "Similar" section are phonetically similar and may not have any relation to Robinson
  • To find out more about this surname's family history, lookup records on Family​Search, My​Heritage, FindMyPast and Ancestry. Further information may be obtained by DNA analysis